The Messiah is our Passover

Behold the Lamb of G-d, Yeshua!

GJiGT Messianic Passover Seder
Below The Following Overview

Click Here for Passover Study
from the Authorized English Scriptures

Messiah IS our Passover. The Passover and Unleavened bread feasts of the Lord are NOT separated. Messiah, our Passover, gives the power of the Holy Ghost to make us HOLY, to live FREE of the bondage of the leaven of sin, and demons. It is sad how many do NOT know how much physical and mental illness is demonic spirits of infirmity. It is even more sad how many Holy Spirit Baptized beleivers are taught that they are exempt from demon possession rather than a high priority target. It is sad how many do not recognize what they call besetting sins, are demons, from which they may be set free.
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Passover Haggadah


Haggadah means the "telling."

The story or report of what?

"Seder" means the order of things.

Four Cups

Sanctification - Setting Apart

Instruction - Telling the Story

Redemption - Freedom

Praise - Future

Seder Plate


Shank Bone - Zarowa - Bone of the Lamb slain

Roasted Egg * - Khagigah - Hardness of Pharaoh's heart, or Mourning the destruction of the second Temple, or New Birth, or Eternal Life

Brown Apple Mixture - Kharoset- Reminding us that even the most bitter circumstances can be sweetened by the hope we have in G-d

Bitter Herbs - Maror - Reminding of the bitterness of bondage and slavery. (Horseradish)

Parsley - Karpas - Dipped in salt water, twice, to represent the birth of Israel.

Unleavened Bread - Matzoh - The Bread of Affliction Pierced, Striped, and to be Broken

* Added to the Seder. The three essential things which have always been essential to the Haggadah of the Passover are the Unleavened Bread, the Bitter Herbs, and the Passover Lamb.

The Three Matzohs

1 Father, eaten by Father, or seder leader.

2 Son, broken for later use

3 Holy Spirit, used to comfort bitter herbs


The best piece of the second piece is called the Afikomen

Afikomen - Hebrew - "It is finished."

Afikomen - Greek - "I have come in my season full of glory."

The Pierced, Striped, and Broken Matzoh

is seen in:

The Four Questions

The Burial of the Afikomen

The Resurrection of the Afikomen

The Ascension of the Afikomen

The three matzohs are wrapped together for Passover. There are various explanations for this ceremony. The Rabbis call these three a "Unity." Some consider it a unity of the patriarchs - Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob. Others explain it as a unity of worship - the priests, the Levites, and the people of Israel. We, who know Messiah can see in this, the unique tri-unity ('echad ), of G-d. Hear, O Israel: The L-RD our G-d is one, (echad), L-RD: And thou shalt love the L-RD thy G-d with all thine heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy might. (Deu 6:4-5) Moses wrote one, echad, not yachid.

Moses did not make a mistake. We make a mistake when we fail to accept by faith how the L-rd reveals Himself through His Word.

We who know Messiah can see in this the unique tri-unity of G-d - Father, Son, and Spirit. Three in one.

In the matzohs we can see a picture of Messiah. See how it is pierced, striped, and broken, for us.

In times to come, all the congregation of Israel, the name of the family of G-d, must all keep the passover. All that share in G-d's mercies should join in thankful praises for them. The New Testament passover, is the L-rd's supper. Strangers, if circumcised, might eat of the passover. Here is an early indication of favor to the gentiles. This taught the Jews that their being a nation favored by G-d, entitled them to their privileges, not their descent from Abraham.

In Exodus chapter 34 we find that Israel was to keep the L-rd's festivals. These festivals which the Jews celebrate are feasts of the L-rd.

Exodus 12:11 says " is the L-RD'S passover." The feasts are feasts of the L-rd. We are in error when we say they are feasts of the Jews. See also Leviticus 23:5 and Exodus 12:27.

The Devout Men keep the three required feasts in Jerusalem:

1. The Pesach, or Passover, in remembrance of the deliverance out of Egypt.

2. The feast of weeks, or the feast of Shavout or, Pentecost; added to it is the law of the first-fruits.

3. The feast of in-gathering, or the feast of Sukkot or Tabernacles.


Who hath believed our report?
and to whom is

the arm, (zerowa),

of the L-RD revealed?

Isaiah 53:1

The Passover

Messiah institutes His holy supper

Mat 26:17-20 Now the first day of the feast of unleavened bread the disciples came to Yeshua, saying unto him, Where wilt thou that we prepare for thee to eat the passover?

And he said, Go into the city to such a man, and say unto him, The Master saith, My time is at hand; I will keep the passover at thy house with my disciples.

And the disciples did as Yeshua had appointed them; and they made ready the passover.

Now when the even was come, he sat down with the twelve.

The L-rd's supper is to us the passover supper, by which we commemorate a much greater deliverance than that of Israel out of Egypt. Take, eat; accept of Messiah as He is offered to you; receive the atonement, approve of it, submit to His grace and His government. Any meal, no matter how appetizing, will not nourish; it must be eaten. The same is true is of the doctrine of Messiah. This is my body; that is, spiritually, it signifies and represents His body. We partake of Messiah by partaking of His grace, and the blessed fruits of the breaking of His body. The blood of Messiah is signified and represented by the wine. He gave thanks, to teach us to look to G-d in every part of the ordinance. This cup He gave to the disciples with a command, Drink ye all of it. The pardon of sin is that great blessing which is, in the L-rd's supper, conferred on all true believers. It is the foundation of all other blessings. He assures us of a happy meeting again at last; "Until that day when I drink it new with you." We are confident of the joys and glories of the future state, which the saints shall partake with the L-rd Yeshua. While we look at the outward signs of Messiah's body broken and his blood shed for the remission of our sins, let us remember the price He paid for us.


Isaiah Chapter 53

Who hath believed our report? and to whom is the arm, (Zerowa), of the L-RD revealed?

For he shall grow up before him as a tender plant, and as a root out of a dry ground: he hath no form nor comeliness; and when we shall see him, there is no beauty that we should desire him.

He is despised and rejected of men; a man of sorrows, and acquainted with grief: and we hid as it were our faces from him; he was despised, and we esteemed him not.

Surely he hath borne our griefs, and carried our sorrows: yet we did esteem him stricken, smitten of G-d, and afflicted.

But he was wounded for our transgressions, he was bruised for our iniquities: the chastisement of our peace was upon him; and with his stripes we are healed.

All we like sheep have gone astray; we have turned every one to his own way; and the L-RD hath laid on him the iniquity of us all.

He was oppressed, and he was afflicted, yet he opened not his mouth: he is brought as a lamb to the slaughter, and as a sheep before her shearers is dumb, so he openeth not his mouth.

He was taken from prison and from judgment: and who shall declare his generation? for he was cut off out of the land of the living: for the transgression of my people was he stricken.

And he made his grave with the wicked, and with the rich in his death; because he had done no violence, neither was any deceit in his mouth.

Yet it pleased the L-RD to bruise him; he hath put him to grief: when thou shalt make his soul an offering for sin, he shall see his seed, he shall prolong his days, and the pleasure of the L-RD shall prosper in his hand.

He shall see of the travail of his soul, and shall be satisfied: by his knowledge shall my righteous servant justify many; for he shall bear their iniquities.

Therefore will I divide him a portion with the great, and he shall divide the spoil with the strong; because he hath poured out his soul unto death: and he was numbered with the transgressors; and he bare the sin of many, and made intercession for the transgressors.

Passover Begins the feast of Unleavened Bread

1 Cor 5:7 Purge out therefore the old leaven, that ye may be a new lump, as ye are unleavened. For even Messiah our passover is sacrificed for us:

Messiah our passover is sacrificed for us; His blood is the only ransom for our souls; without the shedding of it there is no remission; without the sprinkling of the Blood of Yeshua, (Salvation), there can be no salvation.

With the deliverance of passover we begin the feast of unleavened bread. Leaven represents sin. Messiah tells all who have been redeemed by His precious blood, to go and sin no more. Messiah empowers us by His HOLY Spirit, the Ruach Ha Kodesh, to keep the commandments and live a holy life He gives us the power of the Holy Spirit to live holy without sin.

Have we, by faith in Him, sheltered our souls from deserved vengeance under the protection of His atoning blood? Do we keep close to Him, constantly depending upon Him? Do we so profess our faith in the Redeemer, and our obligations to Him, that all who pass by may know to whom we belong? Do we stand prepared for His service, ready to walk in His ways, and to separate ourselves from His enemies? These are questions of vast importance to the soul; may the L-rd direct our consciences honestly to answer them.


GJiGT Messianic
Passover Seder

1. The Lighting of the Candles

Leader: The Passover begins as the woman of the household kindles the festival lights and recites the traditional blessing in Hebrew. (The woman of the household lights the candles and says):

Baruch Atah Adonai Elohenu Melech Haolam Asher Kidshanu B'mitz-vo-tav Ve'tzi-va-nu L'had-lik Ner Shel Yom Tov. Blessed art Thou, O Lord our God, King of the universe, who has sanctified us by your commandments and has commanded us to kindle the Festival lights.

Leader: Blessed art Thou, O Lord our God, King of the universe, who has kept us in life, and has preserved us and has enabled us to reach this season once again. At each Sabbath and feast, it is the woman who lights the candles, one for creation and one for redemption. As it is the woman who begins the Seder by lighting the candles and giving light to the Passover table, so it was a woman who gave birth to the Light of the World. In Isaiah 7:14, we read that ..."a virgin shall conceive, and bear a son, and shall call his name Immanuel." Immanu-El, 'God with Us. Yeshua said in John 8:12, "I am the light of the world: he that followeth me shall not walk in darkness, but shall have the light of life."

2. The First Cup: The Cup of Sanctification

Leader: The Passover has begun and during the course of our Seder we will drink from our cups and replenish them four times.

All raise the first cup and say the traditional blessing in Hebrew:

All: Baruch Atah Adonai Elohenu Melech Ha-olam Boh-Ray P'ree Hagafen.
Blessed art Thou, O Lord our God! King of the universe, Creator of the fruit of the vine.

Leader: Yeshua gave thanks and said, "Take this, and divide it among yourselves: For I say unto you, I will not drink of the fruit of the vine, until the kingdom of God shall come." (Luke 22:17-18)

All drink the first cup.

3. Urchatz - the Washing of Hands

Leader: The Lord gave instructions to Moses concerning the Tabernacle... "Thou shalt also make a laver of brass, and his foot also of brass, to wash withal: and thou shalt put it between the tabernacle of the congregation and the altar, and thou shalt put water therein. For Aaron and his sons shall wash their hands and their feet thereat:When they go into the tabernacle of the congregation, they shall wash with water, that they die not;" (Exodus 30:18-20) Just as Aaron the High Priest was to cleanse his hands and feet before approaching the altar of the Lord, so too, we recognize our need for spiritual cleansing. Psalm 24:3-4 tells us, "Who shall ascend into the hill of the LORD? or who shall stand in his holy place? He that hath clean hands, and a pure heart; who hath not lifted up his soul unto vanity, nor sworn deceitfully."

(The leader washes the hands with a pitcher and bowl provided for this use. He then helps the Celebrants to wash their hands also.)

The last supper was a Passover Seder. At this last meal before his crucifixion, Yeshua went a step yet further with this traditional washing. John chapter 13 tells us: Yeshua took off his outer clothing, and wrapped a towel around his waist. After that, he poured water into a basin and began to wash his disciples' feet, drying them with the towel that was wrapped around him. "So after he had washed their feet, and had taken his garments, and was set down again, he said unto them, Know ye what I have done to you? Ye call me Master and Lord: and ye say well; for so I am. If I then, your Lord and Master, have washed your feet; ye also ought to wash one another's feet. For I have given you an example, that ye should do as I have done to you.Verily, verily, I say unto you, The servant is not greater than his lord; neither he that is sent greater than he that sent him. If ye know these things, happy are ye if ye do them.Do you understand what I have done for you:?" (John 13:12-17)

4. The Seder Plate ~ The Leader points to the Seder plate and declares:

Leader: Behold this Seder plate and these traditional symbols. The story of Passover is a story of deliverance from bondage, and each element of the Passover meal is part of the portrait of redemption. Karpas (parsley) and Salt water

Leader: The karpas is reminiscent of the hysop brush with which children of Israel applied the blood of the Passover lamb to the doorposts of their houses. The green karpas represents life and vitality. The salt water represents the tears which the Israelites shed in Egypt in their slavery. So too, it represents the tears we shed when we remember our slavery to sin.

All: Baruch Atah Adonai Elohenu Melech Ha-Olam Boh-ray P'ree Ha-adamah.

Blessed art Thou, O Lord our God! King of the universe, Creator of the fruits of the earth.

Leader: We dip the karpas in salt water to remind us that life is oftimes immersed in tears. Let us eat the karpas. (All dip a piece of parsley in salt water and eat.)

Maror (bitter herbs)

Leader: This horseradish reminds us that the life is sometimes very bitter, as it was for the sons of Israel in the land of Egypt. As we partake of the freshly ground horseradish, we are reminded afresh of how bitter life is without redemption.

All: Baruch Atah Adonai Elohenu Melech Ha-olam Asher Kid-sha-nu B'mitz-vo-tav Ve'tzi-va-nu al A-chee-lat Ma-ror.

Blessed art Thou, O Lord our God! King of the universe, Who has sanctified us with His commandments, and commanded us concerning the eating of bitter herbs.

Leader: Let us eat the bitter herb. All eat a small helping of horseradish with matzah.

Haroset (nut, apple and wine mixture)

Leader: The haroset is sweet to the taste, and is a symbol of the mortar which the Israelites used to make bricks for Pharaoh. God Himself is a master builder. He is building a holy habitation in which to dwell... "Jesus Christ himself being the chief corner stone; In whom all the building fitly framed together groweth unto an holy temple in the Lord:"

(Ephesians 2:20-21) Even the most bitter of circumstances is sweetened by the hope we have in God. To demonstrate this, we place a small amount of maror on a piece of matzah and add to it the sweet haroset. Eating both together, we initially taste the bitterness of the maror, quickly overcome by the sweet and soothing haroset. So too, as we face the bitterness of life in the grace and knowledge of Messiah, our adversity is sweetened.

The Beitzah (the Roasted Egg) OMIT to be truly Orthodox

Leader: Some sedar plates have a roasted egg. This is a modern tradition which we do not observe. It was not part of the Last Supper that Yeshua celebrated with the Apostles. It is claimed that the roasted egg is regarded by the Jewish people as a symbol of mourning, a reminder of the destruction of the second Temple.

Z'roah (shank bone of the lamb)

Leader (holding up the shankbone): What is the meaning of the paschal lamb? Exodus 12:27 tells us... "That ye shall say, It is the sacrifice of the LORD'S passover, who passed over the houses of the children of Israel in Egypt, when he smote the Egyptians, and delivered our houses. And the people bowed the head and worshipped." John the Baptizer, as he saw Yeshua approaching said, " Behold the Lamb of God, which taketh away the sin of the world." (John 1:29)

All: He was oppressed, and he was afflicted, yet he opened not his mouth: he is brought as a lamb to the slaughter, and as a sheep before her shearers is dumb, so he openeth not his mouth. (Isaiah 53:7)

The rabbis have given the shankbone on the seder plate a special name. It is called the Z'roah Adonai - "The Arm of the Lord". This very same passage in Isaiah begins with the words, "Who hath believed our report? and to whom is the arm of the LORD revealed?"

5. Matzah (Leader holds up the Matzah)

Leader: Throughout the Bible, leaven is frequently employed as a symbol of sin. In ancient times a small piece of raw dough from the previous loaf was used to ferment an entire portion of fresh dough. Thus was the leavening of each batch of dough related to the original loaf, and it was the leaven that caused the dough to rise. As the leaven in bread causes the dough to rise, so the sin in our life causes us to rise in our own estimation, to become puffed up. But on this night, and for the seven days to follow, we eat nothing that contains any leaven. And so we demonstrate our desire to be cleansed of our sin, and to live lives devoted entirely to the Lord. Paul the apostle exhorts us...

Leader: Your glorying is not good. Know ye not that a little leaven leaveneth the whole lump? (I Corinthians 5:6)

All: Purge out therefore the old leaven, that ye may be a new lump, as ye are unleavened. For even Christ OUR PASSOVER is sacrificed for us: (I Corinthians 5:7)

Leader: "For I am the LORD that bringeth you up out of the land of Egypt, to be your God: ye shall therefore be holy, for I am holy." (Leviticus 11:45)

All: Therefore let us keep the feast, not with old leaven, neither with the leaven of malice and wickedness; but with the unleavened bread of sincerity and truth. (I Corinthians 5:8)

6. The Three Matzahs - Unity (Leader lifts the three matzahs and says...)

One of the most intriguing items on the Passover table are three matzahs placed together on one plate - each in a special compartment of fine linen. These three matzahs combined together are referred to as a "unity" by the ancient rabbis. The unity of the three matzahs is a mystery. The rabbis have conjectured various theorys about its true meaning. One theory is that it represents the unity of the patriarchs - Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, another is that it reflects the relationship of the divisions within Israel - the priests, the Levites and the congregation of Israel. We who trust in Messiah Yeshua immediately recognize in the three matzahs the unique "tri"unity of God Himself - Father, Son and Holy Spirit. The middle matzah has a special name. It is called the "lechem onee" - the bread of affliction. The lechem onee leaves its place of honor among the other matzahs in the unity. The leader holds up the lechem onee and he says...

"This is the bread of affliction which our forefathers ate in the land of Egypt. Let all who are hungry come and eat. Let all who are needy come and celebrate the Passover with us. Now, we are here; next year may we all celebrate in the land of promise. Even now, many are slaves to sin; next year may we all be free."

Leader: Behold the bread of affliction.

All: He was oppressed, and he was afflicted, yet he opened not his mouth: he is brought as a lamb to the slaughter, and as a sheep before her shearers is dumb, so he openeth not his mouth. (Isaiah 53:7)

The lechem onee is broken in half.

One half now becomes the afikomen:

Afikomen - Hebrew - "It is finished."

Afikomen - Greek - "I have come in my season full of glory."

This special piece matzah is placed in a linen cloth and wrapped in the manner one wraps a body for burial. While the leader does this, he recites Yeshua's words concerning himself... "I am the bread of life: he that cometh to me shall never hunger; and he that believeth on me shall never thirst." (John 6:35) "As the living Father hath sent me, and I live by the Father: so he that eateth me, even he shall live by me. This is that bread which came down from heaven: not as your fathers did eat manna, and are dead: he that eateth of this bread shall live for ever." He said this while teaching in the synagogue in Capernaum. (John 6:57-59)

Leader: The specially wrapped afikomen now is hidden away as in a tomb. The leader hides the afikomen out of sight somewhere in the room. Matzah is is is pierced; even as the sinless, unleavened Messiah received stripes which we ourselves deserved. The flogging which Yeshua received at the hands of the Romans was for our healing; the piercing of Messiah's hands and feet at the cross, and the spear thrust into his side were for our redemption.

Leader: For he hath made him to be sin for us, who knew no sin; that we might be made the righteousness of God in him. (II Corinthians 5:21)

All: But he was wounded for OUR transgressions, he was bruised for OUR iniquities: the chastisement of OUR peace was upon him; and with his stripes we are healed. (Isaiah 53:5)

(All hold up a piece of the remaining half of the lechem onee and recite the blessing)

All: Baruch Atah Adonai Elohenu Melech Ha-olam Ha-mo-tzee Lechem Min Ha-aretz.

Blessed art Thou, O Lord our God! King of the universe, Who brings forth bread from the earth.

All eat the matzah.

7. The Four Questions (asked by the youngest)

Leader: The Passover is an important celebration for God's children. Through it they gain wisdom and insight into the redemptive nature of God. So at this time the children of God will learn the meaning of Passover by asking the traditional four questions. Listen closely to the questions and make each question a personal challenge.

Child: Why is this night different from all other nights? On all other nights we eat either leavened or unleavened bread; on this night, why do we eat only unleavened bread?

Father: We eat unleavened bread to remember that the children of Israel, in their haste to leave Egypt, had to take their bread with them before it had time to rise. Child: On all other nights we eat herbs of every kind; on this night, why do we eat only bitter herbs? Father: We eat the bitter herbs to remember how bitter it is to be enslaved.

Child: On all other nights we do not dip even once; on this night, why do we dip twice?

Father: By dipping we remember life in bondage is bitter, but that even the harshest bondage is sweetened by God's promise of redemption.

Child: On all other nights we eat either sitting or reclining; on this night, why do we all recline?

Father: Once we were slaves, but the Lord in His goodness and mercy redeemed us with a mighty hand and outstretched arm. We recline to recognize Him for the rest He has given to us. Leader: It is the Lord who brings us each out of Egypt. It is He alone who redeems us. Man cannot save himself. Therefore, in gratitude and recognition, let us recount the story of Passover.

8. The Story of Passover

Leader: This story begins at a time long before Moses with Joseph, who was the favorite son of the patriarch Jacob. Joseph was sent by his father unto his brothers, and because they were jealous of the pre-eminence which God Himself had promised Joseph, he was sold for a token price by his brethren and handed over to the power of gentiles. As a slave in Egypt, Joseph was subjected to temptation and overcame it. He was falsely accused and suffered for sin that was not his own. After a season of suffering, Joseph was exalted to pre-eminence just as God had foretold. At age 30, he began to exercise his authority in ministering life to the needy. A great famine came upon the whole earth and Joseph's brother's came to Egypt to buy food. Joseph supplied their needs, but was unrecognized by his own brethren. At the right time, he revealed himself. The eyes of his brothers were opened and his they clung to him and wept. The children of Israel came to Egypt to escape the famine and settled in Goshen where they prospered, and as generations passed, they became a great and numerous people. "Then arose a new Pharaoh who knew not Joseph." He beheld the might of Israel, and he feared that in time of war, the sons of Jacob might join themselves with Egypt's foes. So he subdued the Israelites, and afflicted them with cruel labor. Taskmasters were placed over the Israelites, to compel them to make bricks and to build Pharaoh's great storage cities of Rameses and Pithom. But despite their hardships, they continued to thrive just as God had promised. This caused Pharaoh even greater alarm, and he ordered the slaughter of Israel's infant sons. By his command, every male child born to the Hebrews was to be cast into the Nile and drowned. The afflictions of the Israelite people were cruel and many. In anguish they cried out to the God of their fathers. And God heard their cry. God remembered His covenant. And God raised up a deliverer, a redeemer -- the man Moses. And He sent Moses to Pharaoh's court to declare the commandments of the Lord; "Let My people go!" But Pharaoh would not listen to the Lord of Hosts. And so, Moses pronounced God's judgment on Pharaoh's house, and on Pharaoh's land. Plagues were poured out on the Egyptians, upon their crops and upon their flocks. But Pharaoh's heart was hardened. He would not yield to the will of God. He would not let the house of Jacob depart. Then the tenth plague fell upon the land: The death of Egypt's first born, "And all the firstborn in the land of Egypt shall die, from the firstborn of Pharaoh that sitteth upon his throne, even unto the firstborn of the maidservant that is behind the mill; and all the firstborn of beasts. And there shall be a great cry throughout all the land of Egypt, such as there was none like it, nor shall be like it any more. But against any of the children of Israel shall not a dog move his tongue, against man or beast: that ye may know how that the LORD doth put a difference between the Egyptians and Israel." (Exodus 11:5-7) Thus did the Lord execute judgment against all the gods of Egypt. But to protect the children of Israel, God commanded the head of each Hebrew household to sacrifice a spotless lamb and to apply its blood to the doorway of his home, first to the top of the doorway the lintel, and then to the two sideposts.

Leader: "And the blood shall be to you for a token upon the houses where ye are: and when I see the blood, I will pass over you, and the plague shall not be upon you to destroy you, when I smite the land of Egypt."(Exodus 12:13)

All: "And this day shall be unto you for a memorial; and ye shall keep it a feast to the LORD throughout your generations; ye shall keep it a feast by an ordinance for ever."(Exodus 12:14)

Leader: Passover commemorates the night when death "PASSED OVER" the houses of of the children of Israel because of the BLOOD of the LAMB--the Passover lamb. It is a powerful picture of redemption through Yeshua, the Passover Lamb of God. And so, as in faith, the Israelites applied the blood of the lamb to the doorposts of their homes, so must we, in faith, apply the blood of Yeshua to the doorposts of our hearts.

All: "For even Christ our PASSOVER is sacrificed for us:" (I Corinthians 5:7)

9. The Ten Plagues

Leader: The second cup is known both as the Cup of Thanksgiving and as the Cup of Plagues, because in this part of the seder we recall each of the plagues God brought upon the Egyptians, but from which the Israelites were spared. God's Word teaches compassion towards one's enemies. So as each plague is mentioned, we dip our little finger into our cups and spill a drop of wine onto our plates. Thus, the joy of our deliverance is tempered by the sorrow which came to others. Let us now diminish our cups as we recount each of the ten plagues. (Each participant empties a drop from his cup at the naming of each plague. The leader recites the Hebrew and the others respond in English.)

Leader: All:

Dam - Blood

Ts'fardei'a - Frogs

Kinim - Vermin

Arov - Flies

Dever - Pestilence

Sh'chin - Boils

Barad - Hail

Arbeh - Locusts

Choshech - Darkness

Makat B'chorot - Death of the Firstborn

10. The second cup, the Cup of Thanksgiving

Leader: Each one of us is exhorted to consider himself as having personally come forth out of Egypt. The Scriptures declare: "And thou shalt show thy son in that day, saying, This is done because of that which the LORD did unto me when I came forth out of Egypt." (Exodus 13:8) He who provided redemption from bondage in Egypt, has provided redemption and atonement for our sins in the once-for-all sacrifice of Yeshua at the cross. For those of us who are in Messiah, truly, we may say to our children: 'I celebrate this feast because of that which the Lord did for me.'

(All lift the cup but do not drink)

All: Therefore, it is our grateful duty to thank, praise, laud, glorify, extol and adore Him, Who did all these wonders for our fathers and for us. He brought us forth:

From Slavery To Freedom

From Anguish To Gladness

From Mourning To Festivity

From Darkness To Great Light

From Bondage To Redemption

Let us, therefore, sing before Him, a New song - Hallelujah! and Dyanu!

Leader: Now let us thank the Lord and drink from the cup.

All: Baruch Atah Adonai Elohenu Melech Ha-olam Boh-Ray P'ree Hagafen.

Blessed art Thou, O Lord our God! King of the universe, Creator of the fruit of the vine.

(All drink the second cup)

Shulchan Orech - All eat the Passover meal.

11. The Afikomen ( The leader now sends the children in search of the hidden afikomen. This traditional search of "hide-and-seek" ensues until a child finds the afikomen and it is ransomed back by the leader.)

Leader: The afikomen has been ransomed back and we partake of it once more. Because the Passover sacrifice could be offered only in Jerusalem, something of the mystique of the Passover lamb became attached to the Afikomen. Among sephardic Jews, when the afikomen is eaten, they say the words, "In memory of the Passover lamb". The sages tell us that the afikomen should be the last morsel food eaten at the seder and that its taste should linger in our mouthes. It was during this place in the seder that Yeshua took bread, gave thanks and broke it, and gave it to his disciples, saying...

All: "This is my body which is given for you: this do in remembrance of me." (Luke 22:19) A piece of the afikomen is distributed to all at the table.

Leader: With thankfulness, let us all partake of the afikomen.

All: "In memory of the Passover Lamb." (All eat the afikomen.)

12. The Third Cup, the Cup of Redemption

Leader: It was this very cup, the Cup of Redemption, the cup after supper, of which Yeshua said: "This cup is the new testament in my blood, which is shed for you." (Luke 22:20) Rabbi Paul of Tarsus tells us in 1 Corinthians 11:25-26, "This cup is the new testament in my blood: this do ye, as oft as ye drink it, in remembrance of me. For as often as ye eat this bread, and drink this cup, ye do show the Lord's death till he come."

Every Passover seder is a memorial of the atoning death of Messiah who gave himself for the Jewish people and for every person. Our hearts yearn within us to experience God's rich redemption and to receive from Him that salvation which we could not achieve ourselves.

All raise the third cup.

All: Baruch Atah Adonai Elohenu Melech Haolam Boray Pree Ha-gafen.

Blessed art Thou, O Lord our God! King of the universe, creator of the fruit of the vine.

All drink the third cup.

13. The Cup of Elijah

Leader: (Lifting the extra cup for Elijah at the head table.) The Hebrew prophet Malachi tells us that the coming of the Messiah will be preceded by Elijah the Prophet.

All: "Behold, I will send you Elijah the prophet before the coming of the great and dreadful day of the LORD:" (Malachi 4:5)

It has been the hope at every Passover that the prophet will accept the invitation, enter the home, and announce the coming of the Messiah. Each year, a child goes to the door and opens it wide in hopeful expectation. Zacharias was a cohen, a priest. He was serving in the temple at the altar of incense, when an angel of the Lord appeared before him and foretold the birth of a son to Zacharias and prophesied concerning him... "And he shall go before him in the spirit and power of Elias, to turn the hearts of the fathers to the children, and the disobedient to the wisdom of the just; to make ready a people prepared for the Lord." (Luke 1:17) That son was John the Immerser, of whom Yeshua the Messiah said, "For all the prophets and the law prophesied until John. And if ye will receive it, this is Elias, which was for to come. He that hath ears to hear, let him hear." (Matthew 11:13-15)

14. The Fourth Cup, the Cup of Completion

Leader: The Hebrew scriptures tell us in Jeremiah 31:32-34 "Behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel, and with the house of Judah: Not according to the covenant that I made with their fathers in the day that I took them by the hand to bring them out of the land of Egypt; which my covenant they brake, although I was an husband unto them, saith the LORD: But this shall be the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel; After those days, saith the LORD, I will put my law in their inward parts, and write it in their hearts; and will be their God, and they shall be my people. And they shall teach no more every man his neighbour, and every man his brother, saying, Know the LORD: for they shall all know me, from the least of them unto the greatest of them, saith the LORD: for I will forgive their iniquity, and I will remember their sin no more. ."

All raise the fourth cup.

Leader: "And I will take you to me for a people, and I will be to you a God: and ye shall know that I am the LORD your God, .." (Exodus 6:7)

All: Baruch Atah Adonai Elohenu Melech Ha-olam Boh-ray P'ree Ha-gafen.

Blessed art Thou, O Lord our God, King of the universe, creator of the fruit of the vine.

All drink the fourth cup.

15. Neertzah - Acceptance The paschal seder is done, It customs and laws fulfilled; Grant grace that we, each one, May do as Thou hast willed. O pure One, enthroned above, Raise up the low, make free; Replant on Zion in love Thy vine-branch, nigh to Thee. "And I saw a new heaven and a new earth: for the first heaven and the first earth were passed away; and there was no more sea. And I John saw the holy city, new Jerusalem, coming down from God out of heaven, prepared as a bride adorned for her husband.And I heard a great voice out of heaven saying, Behold, the tabernacle of God is with men, and he will dwell with them, and they shall be his people, and God himself shall be with them, and be their God. And God shall wipe away all tears from their eyes; and there shall be no more death, neither sorrow, nor crying, neither shall there be any more pain: for the former things are passed away.And I saw a new heaven and a new earth, for the first heaven and the first earth had passed away. Also, there was no more sea. Then I, Yochanan, saw the holy city, New Jerusalem, coming down out of heaven from God, prepared as a bride adorned for her husband. And I heard a loud voice from heaven saying, 'Behold, the tabernacle of God is with men, and He shall dwell with them, and they shall be His people, and God Himself will be with them and be their God. And God will wipe away every tear from their eyes; there shall be no more death, nor sorrow, nor crying; and there shall be no more pain, for the former things have passed away.' " (Revelation 21:1-4) Lord, we thank You and we all exclaim...

Lashanah haba'ah bi Yerushalayim! "Next year in Jerusalem!"

The Seder is concluded.

Great Joy


Great Tribulation


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